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Constants, Energy Gaps, and Physical Propertiesof Semiconductor related Crystals

Source: Sze, S.M., Physics of Semiconductor Device, , Wiley Interscience Publication, 1981, pp. 848-849.

Material System

Element or Compound

Name

Structure1

Lattice Constant (A) at 300 K

Band Gap (ev) at 300 K

Band2

IV

C

Carbon (diamond)

D

3.56683

5.47

I

Ge

Germanium

D

5.64613

0.66

I

Si

Silicon

D

5.43095

1.12

I

Sn

Grey Tin

D

6.48920

0.00

D

IV-IV

SiC

Silicon carbide

W

a = 3.086,
c= 15.117

2.996

I

III-V

AlAs

Aluminum arsenide

Z

5.6605

2.16

I

AlP

Aluminum phosphide

Z

5.4510

2.45

AlSb

Aluminum antimonide

Z

6.1355

1.58

I

BN

Boron nitride

Z

3.6150

~7.5

I

BP

Boron phosphide

Z

4.5380

2.0

GaAs

Gallium arsenide

Z

5.6533

1.42

D

GaN

Gallium nitride

W

a = 3.189,
c = 5.185

3.36

GaP

Gallium phosphide

Z

5.4512

2.26

I

GaSb

Gallium antimonide

Z

6.0959

0.72

D

InAs

Indium arsenide

Z

6.0584

0.36

D

InP

Indium phosphide

Z

5.8686

1.35

D

InSb

Indium antimonide

Z

6.4794

0.17

D

II-VI

CdS

Cadmium sulfide

Z

5.8320

2.42

D

CdS

Cadmium sulfide

W

a = 4.16,
c = 6.756

2.42

D

CdSe

Cadmium selenide

Z

6.050

1.70

D

CdTe

Cadmium telluride

Z

6.482

1.56

D

ZnO

Zinc oxide

R

4.580

3.35

D

ZnS

Zinc sulfide

Z

5.420

3.68

D

ZnS

Zinc sulfide

W

a = 3.82,
c = 6.26

3.68

D

ZnSe

Zinc selenide

Z

5.668

2.71

D

ZnTe

Zinc telluride

Z

6.103

2.393

D

IV-VI

PbS

Lead sulfide

R

5.9362

0.41

I

PbSe

Lead selenide

R

6.126

0.27

I

PbTe

Lead telluride

R

6.4620

0.31

I

1. D = Diamond, W = Wurzite, Z = Zincblende, R = Rock Salt
2. I = Indirect, D = Direct
3. At ~ 2K.

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